Vision Care

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Vision care professionals play a major role in the diagnosis, management and prevention of eye injury and disease. Optometry is the vision care field that is involved in examining the eye for defects and faults of refraction, with prescribing corrective lenses or eye exercises, with diagnosing diseases of the eye, and with treating such diseases or referring patients to an ophthalmologist for more intensive treatment. Ophthalmology is the branch of medical science and study that deals with the anatomy, functions, and diseases of the eye.

Ophthalmic assistants, technicians, and technologists assist ophthalmologists who are physicians specializing in the diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of diseases and defects of the eye. Optometric assistants and technicians work with optometrists, who are primary eye-care doctors. Opticians make eyeglasses and contact lenses according to the specifications of an optometrist or ophthalmologist..