Physician
Physician

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Career photo
Salary: $75,189 - $199,494
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Hourly: $26.59 - $107.86
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Outlook: 3 Stars
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Length of Training: 8+ years
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Professionals in the field
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Career Explorer
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Roadmap
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Physicians care for healthy people and for those who are ill or injured. They perform physical examinations, diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and other disorders. They can prescribe and administer medications and treatments, provide immunization services, care for pregnant women and deliver babies, perform surgery, and conduct research to aid in disease control or the development of new treatments. The practice of medicine is evolving as the healthcare system changes. Managed care and health maintenance organizations (HMOs) are creating an increased demand for primary care physicians who provide most healthcare needs for their patients and ref

Areas of Specialization
There are many specialties and sub-specialties within medicine, each dealing with specific populations and clinical focuses. Specialty certification is earned through residency training programs that require three to seven years of study beyond medical school.

 

Allergy and Immunology
• Clinical and Laboratory Immunology

Anesthesiology
• Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine
• Anesthesiology Pain Management
• Pediatric Anesthesiology

Colon and Rectal Surgery

Dermatology
• Dermatopathology
• Procedural Dermatology

Emergency Medicine

• Medical Toxicology
• Pediatric Emergency Medicine
• Sports Medicine
• Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine

Family Practice
• Family Practice Geriatric Medicine
• Family Practice Sports Medicine

Internal Medicine
• Cardiovascular Diseases
• Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology
• Critical Care Medicine
• Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
• Gastroenterology
• Geriatric Medicine
• Hematology
• Hematology and Oncology
• Infectious Disease
• Intensivist
• Interventional Cardiology
• Nephrology
• Oncology
• Pulmonary Disease
• Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care

Medicine
• Rheumatology

Medical Genetics
• Molecular Genetic Pathology

Neurological Surgery
• Endovascular Surgical Neuroradiology

Neurology
• Child Neurology
• Clinical Neurophysiology
• Neurodevelopmental Disabilities
• Pain Management
• Vascular Neurology

Nuclear Medicine

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Ophthalmology

Orthopedic Surgery
• Adult Reconstructive Surgery
• Foot and Ankle Orthopedics
• Hand Surgery
• Musculoskeletal Oncology
• Orthopedic Sports Medicine
• Orthopedic Surgery of the Spine
• Orthopedic Trauma
• Pediatric Orthopedics

Otolaryngology
• Neurotology
• Pediatric Otolaryngology

Pathology
• Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine
• Chemical Pathology
• Cytopathology
• Dermatopathology
• Forensic Pathology
• Hematology
• Immunopathology
• Medical Microbiology
• Neuropathology
• Pediatric Pathology

Pediatrics
• Adolescent Medicine
• Developmental – Behavioral Pediatrics
• Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
• Pediatric Cardiology
• Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
• Pediatric Emergency Medicine
• Pediatric Endocrinology
• Pediatric Gastroenterology
• Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
• Pediatric Infectious Diseases
• Pediatric Nephrology
• Pediatric Pulmonology
• Pediatric Rheumatology
• Pediatric Sports Medicine

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
• Pain Management
• Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
• Spinal Cord Injury Medicine

Plastic Surgery
• Craniofacial Surgery
• Hand Surgery

Preventive Medicine
• Medical Toxicology

Psychiatry
• Addiction Psychiatry
• Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
• Forensic Psychiatry
• Geriatric Psychiatry
• Pain Management
• Psychosomatic Medicine

Radiology
• Abdominal Radiology
• Cardiothoracic Radiology
• Endovascular Surgical Neuroradiology
• Musculoskeletal Radiology
• Neuroradiology
• Nuclear Radiology
• Pediatric Radiology
• Vascular and Interventional Radiology

Radiation Oncology

Surgery
• Colon and Rectal Surgery
• Hand Surgery
• Pediatric Surgery
• Surgical Critical Care
• Surgical Oncology
• Toracic Surgery
• Transplant Surgery
• Trauma Surgery
• Vascular Surgery

Urology
• Pediatric Urology



Work Environment

Physicians may work long and erratic hours responding to emergencies and the intensive care needs of their patients. They may practice independently or in a group, work in hospitals, public health agencies, health provider organizations, government agencies, or educational institutions. In addition to providing patient care, many physicians are involved in research, teaching, and administration.

More physicians are working for organizations rather than practicing independently. Primary care physicians (those in family practice internal medicine, or even pediatrics) are especially needed in rural areas because of past trends towards specialization and the tendency to locate practices in urban areas.