Emergency Medical Services
EMS Personnel

Overview Preparation Resources blank graphic
Career photo
Salary: $19,229 - $32,055
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Hourly: $10.01 - $17.1
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Outlook: 4 Stars
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Length of Training: 4-6 years
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Professionals in the field
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Career Explorer
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Roadmap
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Length of Training
All EMS personnel must

  be at least 18 years of age and complete high school or GED certificate
  successfully complete an EMS training course approved by the Texas Department of State Health Services
  pass a state written examination or the National Registry Exam.

Certification is required by the State of Texas regardless of the proficiency level and may be obtained upon passing the certification exam administered by the Bureau of Emergency Management of the Texas Department of State Health Services.

Emergency Care Attendant (ECA)- provides emergency pre-hospital care by initiating medical aid that provides comfort and avoids aggravation of an injury or illness. Skills include: dressing, bandaging, splinting, utilization of mechanical breathing aids, patient assessment (vital signs), CPR and spinal immobilization. One can become an ECA with a minimal time investment; courses run four to six weeks.

Emergency Medical Technician-Basic (EMT-B) - provides emergency pre-hospital care necessary for basic life support including control of hemorrhaging and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Skills include all those listed under ECA plus automated external defibrillation and utilization of pneumatic antishock garment, epinephrine auto-injector, and inhaler bronchodilators. Training for the basic is four to six months.

Emergency Medical Technician- Intermediate (EMT-I) - provides emergency pre-hospital or inter-facility care by initiating and maintaining advanced life support care. Skills include all those listed under ECA and EMT-B plus peripheral venipuncture for fluid administration, and utilization of an endotracheal tube and esophageal intubation device for airway control. One must have completed EMT-B prior to advancing to EMT-I. Training for the
EMT-I is four to six months.

Emergency Medical Technician-Paramedic (EMT-P) - in addition to skills listed under ECA, EMT-B, and EMT-I, provides emergency pre-hospital or inter-facility care by providing advanced life support. This support includes initiation and maintenance under medical supervision of procedures including emergency drug administration, defibrillation, cardioconversion, and megacode (management of all aspects of a critical situation during cardiac arrest). An associate of applied science degree is awarded after successful completion of the program.

Licensure/Certification

An EMT-P may become licensed by taking the state board exam. Licensing is optional.


Educational Programs

University or College City Degree*
Alvin Community College Alvin C,A
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Amarillo College Amarillo C,A
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Angelina College Lufkin C,A
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Austin Community College Austin C,A
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Blinn College Brenham C,A
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Brazosport College Lake Jackson C,A
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Brookhaven College (DCCCD) Farmers Branch C,A
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Central Texas College Killeen C,A
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Clarendon College Clarendon C,A
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College of the Mainland Texas City C,A
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Collin College Plano C,A
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Del Mar College Corpus Christi C,A
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El Centro College (DCCCD) Dallas C
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El Paso Community College District El Paso C,A
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Galveston College Galveston C,A
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Grayson County College Denison C,A
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Hill College Hillsboro C,A
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Houston Community College System (HCCS) Houston C,A
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Howard College Big Spring C,A
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Kilgore College Kilgore C,A
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Lamar Institute of Technology (TSUS) Beaumont C,A
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Lamar State College-Orange (TSUS) Orange C
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Laredo Community College Laredo C,A
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Lone Star College System: Cy-Fair Campus Cypress C,A
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Lone Star College System: Montgomery Campus Conroe C,A
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Lone Star College System: North Harris Campus Houston C,A
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McLennan Community College Waco C,A
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Midland College Midland C,A
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Navarro College Corsicana C,A
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North Central Texas College Gainesville C,A
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Northeast Texas Community College Mt. Pleasant C,A
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Odessa College Odessa C,A
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Panola College Carthage C,A
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Paris Junior College Paris C,A
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San Antonio College (ACCD) San Antonio C,A
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San Jacinto College: Central Campus Pasadena C,A
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San Jacinto College: North Campus Houston C,A
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South Plains College Levelland C,A
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South Texas College McAllen C,A
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Tarrant County College: Trinity River East Campus Fort Worth C,A
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Temple College Temple C,A
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Texarkana College Texarkana C,A
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Texas Southmost College District Brownsville C,A
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Texas State Technical College-Harlingen (TSTC) Harlingen C,A
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Texas State Technical College-West Texas (TSTC) Sweetwater C,A
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The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio C,B
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The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas C
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Trinity Valley Community College Athens C,A
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Tyler Junior College Tyler C,A
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Vernon College Vernon C,A
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Victoria College Victoria C,A
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Weatherford College Weatherford C,A
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West Texas A&M University Canyon B*
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Wharton County Junior College Wharton C,A
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*D- Doctorate  M-Masters  B-Bachelor  A-Associates  C-Certificate